BIO 101 – GENERAL BIOLOGY 1 (2 Units)
The plant cell, prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, cell growth, cell division and reproduction. General characteristics and morphology of cryptogams and phanerogams. Introduction to plant classification.
BIO 103: INTRODUCTORY PHYSIOLOGY (2 Units)
Nature of Living Organism/Activities of Living Things, Homeostasis, Growth and Development, Endocrine System, Respiration, Reproduction, Nutrition and Enzymes, Digestion, Excretion.
BOT 105 – DIVERSITY OF PLANTS (3 Units)
Plant forms (habit), variations of form within and between habits, causes, influences and implication of variation. Strategies of diversity, application of diversity, importance of diversity. Introduction to vegetation.
BIO 191 – PRACTICAL BIOLOGY I (1 Unit)
Practical classes to address BOT 101 and BOT 105 curriculum.
BOT 102 – FLOWERING PLANTS, FORMS AND FUNCTIONS (2 Units)
Introduction to spermatophytes (gymnosperm and angiosperm), their forms, habitat, stem features, root system, floral formula and fruits (containing seeds).
BOT 104: INTRODUCTORY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY (3 Units)
Definition of molecular biology, basic laboratory techniques in molecular biology. Molecular biology in plant and plant diseases identification.
BOT 106: SEEDLESS PLANTS (2 Units)
A survey of the evolution, morphology, ecology and importance to man o the Cryptograms and Pteridophytes. A survey of the major types of development in seedless plants.
BIO 102: GENERAL BIOLOGY II (2 Units)
Basic Principles of Zoological Nomenclature, Outline Classification of Animal Kingdom, Grades of Organisation A brief introduction of the various animal Phyla: Protozoa Coelenterata, Porifera, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Annelida, Mollusca, Arthropoda, Echinodermata, Chordata.
BIO 192: PRACTICAL BIOLOGY II (1 unit)
Practical classes for BIO 102
200 LEVEL – FIRST SEMESTER
BIO 201 – GENERAL ECOLOGY (2 Units)
Aims and Scope of ecology, basic units of ecology (Population, Community and Ecosystem), biotic and abiotic components of an ecosystem. Production in ecosystems. Energy flow and nutrient cycling. Dynamics of population and communities.
BOT 215: MEDICINAL PLANTS (3 Units)
Plants used by indigenous people of West Africa for plant, animal and human diseases. Plants used as dyes, food colours, preservatives and pesticides. Collection and preservation of ethnobotanical plants.
200 LEVEL – SECOND SEMESTER
BOT 202: ANGIOSPERM MORPHOLOGY (2 Units)
General organization of the angiosperm, including the treatment of variations in the structure of the roots, stems, leaves, inflorescence, flowers, fruits and seeds.
BOT 206: PLANT CELL BIOLOGY AND MOLECULAR GENETICS (2 Units)
History and present trends in cell biology. Reproduction cell division. Cell differentiation and growth of cells. A brief study of the molecular basis of cell structure and development, organelles and nucleic acids.
BOT 204 – DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY (2 Units)
Heritable and non-heritable characteristics, probability and tests of goodness of fit. Quantitative inheritance, variations in genome structure. Introduction to population genetics. Current concept in evolution. Genetic variation and appreciation. Evolution of selected organisms.
BOT 208 – GENERAL PLANT PHYSIOLOGY (2 Units)
The fundamental principles of plant physiology including photosynthesis respiration, cell-water relationship, mineral nutrition, nutrient uptake and deficiency symptoms, enzyme and hormonal production.
BOT 212 – SEED PLANTS (2 Units)
A survey of the evolution, morphology, ecology and importance to man of the Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. A survey of the major types of development of embryo in gymnosperms and angiosperms.
BIO 210 –RESEARCH METHODS (2 Units)
Introduction to Research. Types of scientific studies and experienced design. Analysis and preparation of reports. Introduction to scientific project writing.
BIO 202: BIOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES (2 Units)
Botanical techniques, fixation and preservation, wax-embedding, microtomy staining and mounting, cytological preparation, photomicrography, herbarium practice, field work and population sampling, water culture and maintenance of experimental plants.
300 LEVEL – FIRST SEMESTER
BOT 301: PLANT GENETICS (2 Units)
Aspect of human genetics: pedigree analysis. Further consideration of various deviations from basic principles gene interaction hardy-Weinberg Law Mutagenesis Sex determination.
BOT 303: PLANT ECOLOGY (3 Units)
Themes of energy; antecology, historical aspects. Current trends in ecology. Plant community hypotheses. Concepts of ecosystem: food chain, webs, interaction between plants and animals. Ecological groups, dystrophytes, halophyes, epiphyses and nesophites. The effect of physical environment on plants. Climate, biotic and topographic factors.
BOT 323: COMPARATIVE PLANT ANATOMY I (3 Units)
Characteristics and classification of tissues systems, organization of meristem, evolution vascular tissues, comparative wood anatomy. Anatomical adaptations to specialized habitats. Applied aspects of plant anatomy.
BOT 325: MYCOLOGY (3 Units)
Structure, life cycles, physiology and classification of fungi. The presence and role of fungi in agriculture, food and industry, mycotic infections, epidemiology of fungal diseases and economic importance of fungi in Agriculture, Food and Industry.
BOT 327: BRYOLOGY AND PTERIDOPHYTES (2 Units)
Structure and reproduction of the bryophytes and pteridophytes, spore dispersal mechanism. Pteridophytes, Bryophyte life-history, the protonemal, gametyphytic and sporophytic phases. Taxonomic considerations: family, genus, species, subspecies, variety and form concepts. Treatment of selected families and genera.
BOT 329: PLANT TAXONOMY AND BIOSYSTEMATICS (3 Units)
Taxonomy and its significance, principles and concepts in plant taxonomy. Construction and use of taxonomic keys. Experimental taxonomy with special emphasis cytotaxonomy and chemotaxonomy.
BOT 331 – BIOMETRY (2 Units)
Definitions and types of variables, descriptive statistics, inferential statistics, experimental designs, Graphs and Charts.
BOT 305: FIELD COURSE (1 UNIT)
Trip to various locations to enable better understanding of the different vegetations and plant diversity.
HRT 303 –HORTICULTURAL CROPS PRODUCTION FOR BOTANY STUDENTS (2 Units)
Introduction; Relations between Botany & Horticulture; What is Horticulture?; Economic, nutritional & industrial importance of Horticultural Crops; Major Classes of Horticultural Crops – Olericulture (vegetable crops e.g amaranths, okra, pepper, etc); Floriculture (ornamental crops e.g roses, ixoras, etc,,); Pomology (non-tree fruits, e.g pineapple, sugar cane, etc, fruit tree crops e.g citrus, mango, etc, industrial/ plantation crops e.g cocoa, oil palm, rubber, etc.); Spice crops; Principles & practice of Horticultural crops production; Field establishment of Horticultural crops, management & cultural practices – climatic / soil requirements, transplanting methods, weed management practices, harvesting / produce handling & storage.
300 LEVEL – SECOND SEMESTER
BOT 392: INDUSTRIAL TRAINING ASSESSMENT (4 Units)
Assessment of log books on 6 months industrial training spent by the students in botany related industry or agricultural establishment.
BOT 394: INDUSTRIAL TRAINING VISITATION (4 Units)
On the stop assessment of six months of industrial training must be spent by the students in a botany related industry or agricultural establishment. Focus should be on work carried out by student and ability to understand basic scientific methods and principles at work place.
BOT 396: INDUSTRIAL TRAINING REPORTS (4 Units)
Assessment of scientific writing of industrial training report
BOT 398: INDUSTRIAL TRAINING SEMINAR (4 Units)
Final Seminar on topics related to industrial training experiences must be presented by student at the end of the second semester.
400 LEVEL – FIRST SEMESTER
BOT 401: CURRENT TOPIC SEMINAR IN BOTANY (1 Unit)
Under the supervision of a member of academic staff, students are expected to select a seminar topic for detailed study, using library methods. The emphasis should be on recent advances in chosen field. The course is expected to give the student the opportunity for independent thought and expression. The study will result in seminars.
BOT 403: PLANT ANATOMY II (2 Units)
The structure and properties of the cell wall. Structure of wood and wood identification. Anatomy of plant growing in different ecological areas. Anomalous secondary growth in plants. Plant micro-techniques.
BOT 405: PLANT PATHOLOGY (3 Units)
Principles and concepts in plant pathology; causes of host-parasite relationship, infection and pathogenesis. Culture of fungi, diagnostic features, recognition and control diseases of major importance.
BOT 407: PLANT TISSUE CULTURE (3 Units)
Meristems and organizations of the shoot and root apices. Pattern and control of cell tissue differentiation. Development of vegetative organs. Plant tissue culture techniques and applications. Meristem culture, organ culture, embryo culture. The role of plant hormones and vitamins ontogeny of floral organs.
BOT 409: ECONOMIC BOTANY (2 Units)
The origin, history, sources, taxonomy, morphology and cultivation of economic plant species (food, fibre, medicine, forage, cereals, timber, etc.) in Nigeria.
BOT 411: PLANT CYTOGENETICS (3 Units)
Review of cell organization and cell division. Principles of inheritance, gene expression and interaction. Linkage and crossing over. Variation in chromosome number and structure. Determination of sex, mutation and cytoplasmic inheritance.
BOT 413: PLANT REPRODUCTION (3 Units)
Sexual and asexual (vegetative reproduction review), meiosis and mitosis, haploidy and diploidy role in plant reproduction. Typical plant reproduction organ in lower and higher plants (primitive and advance forms), basic differences between plant and animal reproduction. Gametophytic and sporophytic phases (alteration of generation). Strategies in variation of reproductive organs, pollination and fertilization. Fruits and seeds as end-products.
BOT 415: ENTREPRENEURSHIP OPPORTUNITIES IN BOTANY (2 Units)
Mushroom cultivation: Cultivation of edible and medicinal mushroom. Plant disease diagnostics: Identification of plant and plant disease causing organisms. Seedlings production enterprise: Raising seedlings for aesthetics, medicine, food, clothing and shelter. Plant collection and supply enterprise.
BOT 417: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY II (3 Units)
Plant nuclear and organelle genome organization, gene structure, mechanisms of gene regulation, gene transfer, and special topics related to development and response to biological and environmental stimuli.
400 LEVEL – SECOND SEMESTER
BOT 499: RESEARCH PROJECT AND SEMINAR (5 Units)
Students will be expected to carry out a field/detailed research investigation under supervision of a staff in any special area of Botany, write up a project report and a Pre-Data seminar and a Post-Data Seminar on the proposed project work will be presented by the students.
BOT 402: POPULATION ECOLOGY (2 Units)
Demographic characteristics of natural populations and techniques of estimating the growth and regulation of population.
BOT 404: BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOINFORMATICS (2 Units)
History and evolution of the new technology, different areas of biotechnology including genetic engineering, cell culture, biomass production and technology, enzymes technology, immobilized cell and enzymes, biofuels, microbial insecticides and nitrogen fixation. Potential application of biotechnology in the developing countries in the area of agriculture, health and energy. Social and economic importance of biotechnology. Introduction to Bioinformatics, Genomics and Proteonomics, Gene banks and Bioinformatics Software.
BOT 406: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY (2 Units)
The role of growth regulators (Auxins, gibberellins, cytokines, ethylene and abscisic acid) in plant growth and development phenomena such as abscission, apical dominance, tropisms and dormancy, solar radiation and plant development. Physiology of flowering.
BOT 408: NIGERIAN VEGETATION (2 Units)
A study of Nigerian forests, savannah grasslands and special emphasis on arid zones.
BOT 410: CONSERVATION AND BIODIVERSITY (3 Units)
Plant breeding concepts and methods.
BOT 412: PALEOBOTANY AND PALEONTOLOGY (3 Units)
Overview of Paleobotany, evolution and plants, diversification of land plants, Rise and dominance of seed plants, Origin and diversification of flowering plants.
BOT414: PLANT VIROLOGY (3 Units)
History, scope of plant virology; taxonomy and nomenclature, Effects of viruses on plants, Recent trends in virus transmission and movement in plants, Structure of plant viruses, Plant diseases caused by viruses-etiology, symptoms, diagnosis, control and management. Virus purification, translation, replication, gene organization. Physiology of virus infected plants; virus-vector-host interactions; Host resistance to virus infection. Studies on economically important viral diseases plant. Field diagnosis of plant virus diseases, Isolation and purification of plant viruses. Basic virus characterization, Serological and Molecular techniques in virus detection.