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Authors: I.A. Akpabio, B.B. Esu and M. O. Adedire
The study identified major and significant constraints hindering the utilization of agroforestry practices (AFPs) in the farming systems of small-scale arable crop farmers in Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria. Responses were derived from 125 randomly selected respondents. All the 15 identified constraints were perceived as major deterrents to the utilization of AFPs in the study area. Slight perceptual gender differences were however observed with the male and female respondents respectively perceiving lack of technical know-how and lack of incentives as highest ranked constraints. Multiple regression analysis revealed lack of interest, communal conflicts, insect/pest infestation, small size of arable land and length of time before benefits are realized; as significant deterrents to the level of utilization of AFPs. Recommendations have been proffered in this light.
Key words: Agroforestry, Akwa Ibom State, constraints, gender, Nigeria