Department of Horticulture
The Department was established by the University in 1992/93 academic session, in recognition of the uot;> significant role horticultural crops play in agricultural development and production of food in Nigeria. The main objective is to train both undergraduate and postgraduate students in production, improvement, storage, processing and marketing of horticultural crops, as well as in landscape and environmental aesthetics.
Postgraduate training in the Department began in the 1993/94 session, offering three Programmes, i.e. Postgraduate Diploma in Horticulture (PDH), Master of Agriculture in Horticulture (M. Agric. in Horticulture) and Doctor of Philosophy in Horticulture (Ph.D. Horticulture). The postgraduate programme of the Department has the overall objective of providing an advanced training in the theory, practice and research in modern horticulture, which is required for improved resource utilization, food production, healthy diets and environmental friendliness.
Philosophy of the Department
Adequate training in the broad field of horticulture, the provision of adequate manpower for the Nigerian horticultural industry and the advancement of horticulture as a viable enterprise compliant with self employment and employment generation.
Objectives of the Department
* Production of highly skilled manpower in all specializations of horticulture i.e. Pomology (Fruit Science), Olericulture (Vegetable Science) Ornamental Horticulture (Production and utilization of ornamental plants), Post-Harvest Physiology and storage practices in horticulture produce.
* Generation of relevant technologies to enhance the development of horticulture in Nigeria.
* Optimization of improved technologies in horticulture and availability of qualitative extension back-up for dissemination to and adoption by farmers.
* Improvement of public perception of the importance and potentials of horticulture as a profession to be desired rather than despised.
Programme of Activities in the Department
The educational experience of the student in the Department of Horticulture includes a mixture of lectures, practical classes and project work. A variety of undergraduate and postgraduate course options are offered, to stimulate and enkindle the interest of undergraduates in an ever growing nutritional, environmental and commercial importance of horticulture, and to give postgraduate students a unique combination of specialist scientific knowledge and practical, adaptable skills in this unique field of agricultural and agro-allied enterprises. Students are also taken on trips off-campus to see real life aspects of horticulture in rural and urban environments.
Areas of Specialization
The department has four principal areas of specialization which are;
College of Plant Science and Crop Production
The College of Plant Science and Crop Production was created in 1989 as a logical development from the erstwhile College of Agricultural Production and Technology which was split into two Colleges concerned with Plant and Animal Sciences.
PHILOSOPHY AND OBJECTIVES
The Departments in the College offer undergraduate programme leading to the award of Bachelor of Agriculture. The Departments aim at training skilled manpower for sustainable food production and natural resource management. The human resources and facilities in the Departments make the development of these experts possible through the undergraduate programme of the Department.
The primary philosophy that guides the training of students is the production of skilled manpower that is adequately furnished with the comprehensive information required, for engaging in economic agricultural production in an environment characterized by rural setting and adequate land endowment. Such knowledgeable professional manpower has to be produced in an atmosphere with the widest possible human and material resources, through the adoption of effective techniques of instruction and exposure to the actual practice of agriculture. Consequently, there are opportunities for formal training at the Undergraduate and Postgraduate levels for the acquisition of basic and higher degrees respectively. These training programmes are mounted through classroom instruction, laboratory practical, field demonstration, and workshop practice. Deriving from the foregoing philosophy, the major objectives of the university, among others are:
1. To assist in the attainment of self-sufficiency in the production of basic food.
2. To contribute to the achievement of the goal of marked increase in the production of agricultural raw-materials to support the growth of our several industries.
3. To enhance the production and processing of export produce with emphasis on relevant, appropriate and manageable technology to modernize agricultural production, processing, storage, preservation and distribution.
4. To enhance the rural employment opportunities and the attendant improvement of the quality of rural life.
5. To evolve effective ways of protecting agricultural land resources from ecological degradation such as erosion and pollution.
6. To develop new patterns of agricultural management through increase in Agriculture leadership willing to innovate and show spirit of adventure, increase reliance on the use of business techniques and banking facilities in the production and marketing processes.
7. To create a new cadre of farmers who can influence agricultural structures and government policies which clearly demonstrate that agriculture is an important part of our national economy.
Currently, the College comprises (5) five Academic departments as follows:
1. Department of Crop Protection,
2. Department of Horticulture,
3. Department of Plant Breeding and Seed Technology
4. Department of Plant Physiology and Crop Production, and
5. Department of Soil Science and Land Management.