Authors: Atanda O.O., Akpan and oluwafemi F. (2007)

Abstract

Essential oils of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum), cassia (Cinnamomum cassia), coriander (Coriandrum sativum) and bay leaf (Laurus nobilis) at 1–5% (v/v) concentration in palm kernel broth inoculated with spore suspension (106/ml) of Aspergillus parasiticus CFR 223 were evaluated for their potential in the control of aflatoxigenic fungus A. parasiticus CFR 223 and aflatoxin production. Healthy sorghum grains (120/treatment) immersed in the oils and distributed in three petri dishes with wet cotton wool were also inoculated with spore suspension (106/ml) of A. parasiticus CFR 223 and assayed for grain protection. Sweet basil oil at optimal protective dosage of 5% (v/v) was fungistatic on A. parasiticus CFR 223 and aflatoxins produced in vitro and on fungal development on sorghum grains (P 0.05) with a residual effect that lasted for 32 days. In contrast, oils of cassia and bay leaf stimulated the mycelia growth of the fungus in vitro but reduced the aflatoxin concentration (B1 + G1) of the fungus by 97.92% and 55.21% respectively, while coriander oil did not have any effect on both the mycelia growth and aflatoxin content of the fungus. The combination of cassia and sweet basil oils at half their optimal protective dosages (2.5% v/v) completely inhibited the growth of the fungus. The feasibility of implementing the results of this study to control aflatoxins was examined by the addition of whole and ground dry basil leaves at 5% and 10% (w/w), respectively, to 10 g sorghum, groundnut, maize and melon seed after 35 days storage period. It was found that the addition of whole and ground basil leaves markedly reduced aflatoxin contamination; however, 10% (w/w) of whole leaves was more effective as the reduction in aflatoxin was between 89.05% and 91%.
The findings showed that aflatoxins can be controlled by co-storing whole sweet basil leaves with aflatoxin infected foods. The economic value of the study lies in the simplified technique for control of aflatoxin contamination in agricultural products and the benefits derivable from the use of local resources.
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Last Updated on April 8, 2019 by admin

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